Leptotrombidium spp

From Dog
Larval stage Leptotrombidium[1]

Leptotrombidium spp are an hematophagous parasitic mite occasionally reported to cause infestations in dogs.

The larval form (chiggers) feeds on rodents, but also occasionally humans and dogs across South-east Asia.

Species which are pathogenic to dogs include:

  • Leptotrombidium subqunadratum
  • Leptotrombidium akamushi
  • Leptotrombidium deliense
  • Leptotrombidium pallidum
  • Leptotrombidium scutellare

These parasites affect many mammals including humans[2] and in dogs is characterized by intense pruritus and secondary dermatitis[3].

Treatment is relatively effective with acaricidal drugs such as fipronil, imidacloprid or permethrins.

References

  1. About Pests
  2. Owen IL (2005) Parasitic zoonoses in Papua New Guinea. J Helminthol 79(1):1-14
  3. Heyne H et al (2001) First report of a parasitic mite, Leptotrombidium (Hypotrombidium) subquadratum (Lawerence) (Acari: Trombiculidae: Trombiculinae), from dogs and children in the Bloemfontein area, South Africa. J S Afr Vet Assoc 72(2):105-106