Mosquitoes are common skin parasites of canines worldwide and belong to the family Culicidae.
Important genera include Aedes, Anopheles, Culex, Culiseta, and Psorophora. Although they are tiny, fragile dipterans, female mosquitoes are perhaps some of the most voracious of the blood-feeding arthropods.
Mosquitoes, as well as causing skin damage, allergic reactions and blood loss, are responsible for transmission of a number of hematophagous parasites such as Dirofilaria spp and arboviruses including everglades virus.
Species of mosquitoes which are pathogenic to dogs include:
- Aedes spp - heartworm disease, everglades virus
- Anopheles spp - heartworm disease
- Culex spp - heartworm disease, everglades virus
- Culiseta spp - heartworm disease
- Coquillettidia richiardii - heartworm disease
- Ochlerotatus taeniorhynchus - heartworm disease
- Psorophora columbiae
- Uranotaenia unguiculata - heartworm disease