These tumors frequently arise from the gingiva and are frequently associated with unerupted teeth in young dogs. They may arise locally or as compounded tumors, and may develop unilaterally or bilaterally in mandibular or maxillary bone.
Although the majority are benign, their effect as a space occupying lesion can be dramatic and usually present in young dogs as raised, cyst-like hard masses adjacent to or overlaying a tooth.
Diagnosis usually requires tissue sample biopsy and histological examination, which usually reveals a preponderance of mesenchymal tissue resembling dental pulp, odontoblasts, and areas of dentin.
Surgical extirpation is usually curative, but often required extension surgical curettage. large tumors may require a partial mandibulectomy and surgical reconstruction using bridging plate fixation.
- Veterinary Dentistry
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