Oncicola spp

From Dog
Oncicola canis adult acanthocephalan

Oncicola are a parasitic intestinal acanthocephalan which infect approximately 5% of stray dogs and cats throughout tropical and temperate countries worldwide.

Species which have been reported include:

  • Oncicola canis[1]
  • Omcicola pomatostomi[2]

This acanthocephalan utilises first and second intermediate hosts for transmission, including arthropods and rodents[3].

Few clinical signs are associated with this parasite, although concurrent parasitism with other worms may cause diarrhoea, vomiting, anorexia and weight loss[4].

Treatment is effective with fenbendazole or synthetic ivermectins such as selamectin.

References

  1. Rep BH (1975) Intestinal helminths in dogs and cats on the Antillian Islands Aruba, Curaçao and Bonaire. Trop Geogr Med 27(3):317-323
  2. Stalliviere FM et al (2009) Ectoparasites and intestinal helminths in Felis catus domesticus from Lages city, SC, Brazil and social-economical and cultural aspects of owners of family pets. Rev Bras Parasitol Vet 18(4):26-31
  3. Scholz T et al (2003) Helminth parasites of cats from the Vientiane province, Laos, as indicators of the occurrence of causative agents of human parasitoses. Parasite 10(4):343-350
  4. Bowman, DD et al (2003) Feline clinical parasitology. Iowa University Press, Iowa. pp:231-232