Orchopeas spp

From Dog
Adult Orchopeas howardi[1]

Orchopeas spp are a common hematophagous parasitic prairie dog flea which has been reported on hunting dogs.

These fleas, primarily a parasite of wild mammals, infect dogs as an accidental host.

Species which are pathogenic to dogs include:

  • Orchopeas howardi[2]
  • Orchopeas leucopus[3]

Clinical signs include pruritus and localized dermatitis associated with flea activity.

A high prevalence of Wolbachia spp endosymbionts have been reported with these fleas[4].

Treatment is usually effective with a range of insecticidal drugs such as fipronil and permethrins.

References

  1. Bug Guide
  2. Durden LA et al (2005) Fleas parasitizing domestic dogs in Georgia, USA: species composition and seasonal abundance. Vet Parasitol 130(1-2):157-162
  3. Durden LA et al (2004) Ectoparasites and other epifaunistic arthropods of sympatric cotton mice and golden mice: comparisons and implications for vector-borne zoonotic diseases. J Parasitol 90(6):1293-1297
  4. Gorham CH et al (2003) Wolbachia endosymbionts in fleas (Siphonaptera). J Parasitol 89(2):283-289