Oropsylla spp

From Dog
Adult Oropsylla montana[1]

Oropsylla spp are a common hematophagous parasitic prairie dog flea which has been reported on wild dogs.

These fleas, primarily a parasite of wild mammals, infects humans and is responsible for transmission of Yersinia pestis.

Species which are pathogenic to dogs include:

  • Oropsylla hirsuta (prairie dog flea)[2]
  • Oropsylla tuberculata[3]

Clinical signs include pruritus and localized dermatitis associated with flea activity.

Treatment is usually effective with a range of insecticidal drugs such as fipronil and permethrins.

References

  1. Femina Intrepida
  2. Brinkerhoff RJ et al (2011) Population genetic structure of the prairie dog flea and plague vector, Oropsylla hirsuta. Parasitology 138(1):71-79
  3. Friggens MM et al (2010) Flea abundance, diversity, and plague in Gunnison's prairie dogs (Cynomys gunnisoni) and their burrows in montane grasslands in northern New Mexico. J Wildl Dis 46(2):356-367