Pneumonia

From Dog

Pneumonia is a collective term for any inflammatory or infectious respiratory disease.

Affected dogs usually present with a distinctive cough, or dyspnea. Fever is usually present.

Critically ill dogs require emergency treatment with oxygen therapy and broad-spectrum antimicrobials.

Causes include:

- Pulmonary interstitial fibrosis
- Acute respiratory distress syndrome
- Aelurostrongylus spp - lungworms
- Strongyloides spp
- Dirofilaria spp - heartworm
- Ixodes holocyclus - tick paralysis
- Canine adenovirus
- Canine parainfluenza virus (Kennel cough)
- Canine influenza virus (H3N8 - hemorrhagic pneumonia)
- Pseudomonas aeruginosa
- Staphylococcus aureus (methicillin resistant)[1]
- Streptococcus equi subsp zooepidemicus
- Bordetella spp
- Toxoplasma spp
- Paecilomyces spp
- Pseudallescheria spp
  • Idiopathic
- Eosinophilic bronchopneumopathy

References

  1. Luna CM et al (2009) Animal models of ventilator-associated pneumonia. Eur Respir J 33(1):182-188