Calcium oxalate uroliths
Calcium oxalate uroliths have been increasing in frequency in dogs as is associated with the intake of a dry diet as the primary source of energy.
Recurrence is a major problem with calcium oxalate uroliths. An 'ideal' diet is considered to be low oxalate, low protein, and low sodium, and would maintain urine pH at 6.5 - 7.5 and urine specific gravity <1.020. A few commercially available canned foods achieve these goals and may minimize the risk of recurrence.
- Dijcker JC et al (2012) Dietary and animal-related factors associated with the rate of urinary oxalate and calcium excretion in dogs and cats. Vet Rec 171(2):46
- Roe K et al (2012) Analysis of 14,008 uroliths from dogs in the UK over a 10-year period. J Small Anim Pract Sep 8
- Lulich JP et al (2001) Effects of hydrochlorothiazide and diet in dogs with calcium oxalate urolithiasis. J Am Vet Med Assoc 218(10):1583-1586