Pulex spp

From Dog
Adult female Pulex irritans[1]

Pulex spp are an hematophagous flea predominately parasitic to humans, but also attacks a wide range of mammals including dogs.

Species which are pathogenic to dogs include:

  • Pulex irritans
  • Pulex simulans[2]

These fleas are primarily responsible for flea allergy dermatitis in urban dogs, but also transmit Dipylidium caninum tapeworms.

Treatment is relatively effective with topical insecticidal products such as fipronil or permethrins.

References

  1. CSIRO
  2. Troyo A et al (2012) Ectoparasites of dogs in home environments on the Caribbean slope of Costa Rica. Rev Bras Parasitol Vet 21(2):179-183