Spilopsyllus spp (European rabbit flea) are a common hematophagous parasitic rhopalopsyllid flea which is commonly found on rodents but has been reported on hunting dogs or dogs living in close proximity to domestic rabbits.
These fleas, primarily a parasite of small mammals, infect dogs as an accidental host.
Species which are pathogenic to dogs include:
- Spilopsyllus cunuliculi
Clinical signs include pruritus and localized dermatitis associated with flea activity.
Treatment is usually effective with a range of insecticidal drugs such as fipronil and permethrins.
- Daily Organisms
- Durden LA et al (2004) Ectoparasites and other epifaunistic arthropods of sympatric cotton mice and golden mice: comparisons and implications for vector-borne zoonotic diseases. J Parasitol 90(6):1293-1297
- Millán J et al (2007) Ectoparasites of the endangered Iberian lynx Lynx pardinus and sympatric wild and domestic carnivores in Spain. Med Vet Entomol 21(3):248-254
- Márquez FJ et al (2009) Detection and identification of Bartonella sp. in fleas from carnivorous mammals in Andalusia, Spain. Med Vet Entomol 23(4):393-398