Spilopsyllus spp

From Dog
Adult Spilopsyllus[1]

Spilopsyllus spp (European rabbit flea) are a common hematophagous parasitic rhopalopsyllid flea which is commonly found on rodents but has been reported on hunting dogs[2] or dogs living in close proximity to domestic rabbits.

These fleas, primarily a parasite of small mammals, infect dogs as an accidental host[3].

Species which are pathogenic to dogs include:

  • Spilopsyllus cunuliculi[4]

Clinical signs include pruritus and localized dermatitis associated with flea activity.

Transmission of Bartonella spp has been reported[4].

Treatment is usually effective with a range of insecticidal drugs such as fipronil and permethrins.

References

  1. Daily Organisms
  2. Durden LA et al (2004) Ectoparasites and other epifaunistic arthropods of sympatric cotton mice and golden mice: comparisons and implications for vector-borne zoonotic diseases. J Parasitol 90(6):1293-1297
  3. Millán J et al (2007) Ectoparasites of the endangered Iberian lynx Lynx pardinus and sympatric wild and domestic carnivores in Spain. Med Vet Entomol 21(3):248-254
  4. 4.0 4.1 Márquez FJ et al (2009) Detection and identification of Bartonella sp. in fleas from carnivorous mammals in Andalusia, Spain. Med Vet Entomol 23(4):393-398