They cause disease primarily in immunocompromised dogs.
Species which are pathogenic to dogs include:
- Sporobolomyces roseus
- Sporobolomyces salmonicolor (mainly humans)
- Sporobolomyces koalae (mainly koalas)
The affected patient, which rapidly succumbed to systemic sporobolomycetosis, presented with neurological disease characterized by ataxia, circling, fever, depression and blindness.
MRI imaging revealed poorly defined foci of contrast enhancement were seen in the right frontal lobe and both parietal lobes of the cerebrum and in the left cerebellum.
A definitive diagnosis required histological examination of brain samples since blood tests, imaging and CSF analysis were unrewarding.
Histologically, this yeast produced intracerebral granulomas of epithelioid macrophages and multinucleated giant cells arranged around eosinophilic granular material, containing fibrin and cellular debris.
A differential diagnosis would include other meningoencephalitis-causing fungi such as Cryptococcus spp, Blastomyces dermatitidis, Histoplasma capsulatum, Coccidioides immitis, Cladophialophora bantiana, Aspergillus spp and Fusarium spp.
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