Species which are pathogenic to dogs include:
Reclassification of some Babesia to Theileria spp supports the hypothesis that these new variants which were previous Babesia are characterized by high virulence for dogs and resistance to drugs used in babesiosis therapy.
In infected dogs, symptoms of anemia and related hematological disorders predominate.
Diagnosis is based on microscopic identification of the parasite in wet blood smears and PCR speciation.
Treatment regimen involves the use of Buparvaquone. Efficacy is based on improvement of clinical signs, clearance from blood films, and absence of parasite using PCR assays.
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