Tiger snake poisoning
Snake-bite envenomation by Tiger snakes (Notechis scutatus) is relatively common.
This snake, which is endemic in eastern Australia, is highly venomous and may cause sudden deaths following a single bite.
Clinical symptoms, which are similar to the brown snake but not the black snake, include acute onset neurological disease such as ataxia and collapse as well as hypotension and bradycardia. Death is usually due to respiratory failure.
Treatment usually requires intravenous fluids, antivenom and broad-spectrum anitmicrobials.
- Jacoby-Alner TE et al (2011) Histopathological analysis and in situ localisation of Australian tiger snake venom in two clinically envenomed domestic animals. Toxicon 58(4):304-314
- Heller J et al (2005) Snake envenomation in dogs in New South Wales. Aust Vet J 83(5):286-292
- Tibballs J (1998) The cardiovascular, coagulation and haematological effects of tiger snake (Notechis scutatus) venom. Anaesth Intensive Care 26(5):529-535
- Tibballs J (1998) The cardiovascular, coagulation and haematological effects of tiger snake (Notechis scutatus) prothrombin activator and investigation of release of vasoactive substances. Anaesth Intensive Care 26(5):536-547
- Hopper K et al (2001) Megaoesophagus in adult dogs secondary to Australian tiger snake envenomation. Aust Vet J 79(10):672-675