Xenopsylla spp

From Dog
Adult Xenopsylla cheopis[1]

Xenopsylla spp (Oriental rat flea) are a common hematophagous flea parasite of rodents which has been reported on urban dogs[2].

Species which are pathogenic to dogs include:

  • Xenopsylla cheopis[3]
  • Xenopsylla brasiliensis[4]

Clinical signs include pruritus and localized dermatitis associated with flea activity.

Treatment is usually effective with a range of insecticidal drugs such as fipronil and permethrins.


  1. Tolweb
  2. Cañón-Franco WA & Pérez-Bedoya JL (2010) Siphonaptera (Pulicidae) in dogs and cats of Colombia: Clinical and epidemiological aspects. Vet Parasitol 173(3-4):353-357
  3. Fuehrer HP et al (2012) Ectoparasites of livestock, dogs, and wild rodents in the Chittagong Hill Tracts in southeastern Bangladesh. Parasitol Res 111(4):1867-1870
  4. Kilonzo BS et al (2006) Observations on the endemicity of plague in Karatu and Ngorongoro, northern Tanzania. Tanzan Health Res Bull 8(1):1-6