Fusobacterium spp

From Dog
Revision as of 00:13, 11 October 2012 by WikiSysop (talk | contribs) (Created page with "__NOTOC__ thumb| ''Fusobacterium spp'' are a commensal anaerobic zoonotic bacteria of the canine oropharynx. ...")
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Fusobacterium01.jpg

Fusobacterium spp are a commensal anaerobic zoonotic bacteria of the canine oropharynx.

These bacteria are commonly associated with periodontitis in dogs, but systemic infections can also occur.

Species which are pathogenic to dogs include:

  • Fusobacterium nucleatum
  • Fusobacterium canifelinum[1]


Diagnosis relies primarily on bacterial culture and identification, although PCR assays are definitive in most cases.

These bacteria are usually resistant to fluoroquinolones[2] and sensitive to other broad-spectrum antimicrobials such as metronidazole as clindamycin[3].

References

  1. Senhorinho GN et al (2012) Occurrence and antimicrobial susceptibility of Porphyromonas spp. and Fusobacterium spp. in dogs with and without periodontitis. Anaerobe 18(4):381-385
  2. Conrads G et al (2005) Genetic determinant of intrinsic quinolone resistance in Fusobacterium canifelinum. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 49(1):434-437
  3. Johnston TP et al(2011) Canine periodontal disease control using a clindamycin hydrochloride gel. J Vet Dent 28(4):224-229