Nitenpyram

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Nitenpyram (Capstar) is a nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonist used for flea control in dogs.

There is little residual effect of this antiparasiticide beyond a 24 hour period compared with imidacloprid and is mainly used for immediate knockdown effect[1].

This drug should also be considered in cases of myiasis due to fly larvae, e.g. Cochliomyia hominivorax[2].

References

  1. Vo DT et al (2010) Insect nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonists as flea adulticides in small animals. J Vet Pharmacol Ther 33(4):315-322
  2. Correia TR et al (2010) Larvicidal efficacy of nitenpyram on the treatment of myiasis caused by Cochliomyia hominivorax (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in dogs. Vet Parasitol 173(1-2):169-172