Difference between revisions of "Paraneoplastic syndrome"

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Paraneoplastic syndromes are a group of noncancerous diseases associated with internal [[cancer|neoplasia]]<ref>Turek MM (2003) Cutaneous paraneoplastic syndromes in dogs and cats: a review of the literature. ''Vet Dermatol'' '''14(6)''':279-296</ref>.
 
Paraneoplastic syndromes are a group of noncancerous diseases associated with internal [[cancer|neoplasia]]<ref>Turek MM (2003) Cutaneous paraneoplastic syndromes in dogs and cats: a review of the literature. ''Vet Dermatol'' '''14(6)''':279-296</ref>.
  
Paraneoplastic syndrome commonly presents as dermatological manifestations but can also be evident as cardiac abnormalities (e.g. [[ventricular tachycardia]]<ref>Tappin S ''et al'' (2008) An intestinal neuroendocrine tumour associated with paroxysmal ventricular tachycardia and melaena in a 10-year-old boxer. ''J Small Anim Pract'' '''49(1)''':33-37</ref> due to underlying [[neuroendocrine disease]]), neuromuscular changes (e.g. paraneoplastic [[myasthenia gravis]]<ref>Stepaniuk K ''et al'' (2011) Acquired myasthenia gravis associated with oral sarcoma in a dog. ''J Vet Dent'' '''28(4)''':242-249</ref>), ocular changes (e.g. [[uveitis]]<ref>Snead EC ''et al'' (2005) A case of bilateral renal lymphosarcoma with secondary polycythaemia and paraneoplastic syndromes of hypoglycaemia and uveitis in an English Springer Spaniel. ''Vet Comp Oncol'' '''3(3)''':139-144</ref>), hematological changes (e.g. [[leukocytosis]], [[hypoglycemia]], [[hypoalbuminemia]], regenerative [[anemia]] and [[hypercalcemia]]<ref>Bergman PJ (2012) Paraneoplastic hypercalcemia. ''Top Companion Anim Med'' '''27(4)''':156-158</ref>) as well as general clinical signs of weight loss, diarrhea and anorexia.
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Paraneoplastic syndrome commonly presents as dermatological manifestations but can also be evident as cardiac abnormalities (e.g. [[ventricular tachycardia]]<ref>Tappin S ''et al'' (2008) An intestinal neuroendocrine tumour associated with paroxysmal ventricular tachycardia and melaena in a 10-year-old boxer. ''J Small Anim Pract'' '''49(1)''':33-37</ref> due to underlying [[neuroendocrine disease]]), neuromuscular changes (e.g. paraneoplastic [[myasthenia gravis]]<ref>Stepaniuk K ''et al'' (2011) Acquired myasthenia gravis associated with oral sarcoma in a dog. ''J Vet Dent'' '''28(4)''':242-249</ref>), ocular changes (e.g. [[uveitis]]<ref>Snead EC ''et al'' (2005) A case of bilateral renal lymphosarcoma with secondary polycythaemia and paraneoplastic syndromes of hypoglycaemia and uveitis in an English Springer Spaniel. ''Vet Comp Oncol'' '''3(3)''':139-144</ref>), hematological changes (e.g. [[leukocytosis]], [[eosinophilia]], [[hypoglycemia]], [[hypoalbuminemia]], regenerative [[anemia]] and [[hypercalcemia]]<ref>Bergman PJ (2012) Paraneoplastic hypercalcemia. ''Top Companion Anim Med'' '''27(4)''':156-158</ref>) as well as general clinical signs of weight loss, [[polyuria]], [[polydipsia]], [[diarrhea]] and anorexia.
  
 
A number of diseases can result in paraneoplastic syndrome, including:
 
A number of diseases can result in paraneoplastic syndrome, including:
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*[[Thymoma]]<ref>Batlivala TP ''et al'' (2010) Paraneoplastic T cell lymphocytosis associated with a thymoma in a dog. ''J Small Anim Pract'' '''51(9)''':491-494</ref>
 
*[[Thymoma]]<ref>Batlivala TP ''et al'' (2010) Paraneoplastic T cell lymphocytosis associated with a thymoma in a dog. ''J Small Anim Pract'' '''51(9)''':491-494</ref>
 
*[[Hypereosinophilic syndrome]] with [[lymphoma|T cell lymphoma]]<ref>Marchetti V ''et al'' (2005) Paraneoplastic hypereosinophilia in a dog with intestinal T-cell lymphoma. ''Vet Clin Pathol'' '''34(3)''':259-263</ref>
 
*[[Hypereosinophilic syndrome]] with [[lymphoma|T cell lymphoma]]<ref>Marchetti V ''et al'' (2005) Paraneoplastic hypereosinophilia in a dog with intestinal T-cell lymphoma. ''Vet Clin Pathol'' '''34(3)''':259-263</ref>
 +
*[[Melanoma]] and secondary [[hyperparathyroidism]]<ref>Pressler BM ''et al'' (2002) Hypercalcemia and high parathyroid hormone-related protein concentration associated with malignant melanoma in a dog. ''J Am Vet Med Assoc'' '''221(2)''':263-265</ref>
 +
*[[Leiomyosarcoma]] with secondary [[diabetes insipidus]]<ref>Cohen M & Post GS (1999) Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus in a dog with intestinal leiomyosarcoma. ''J Am Vet Med Assoc'' '''215(12)''':1818-1820</ref>
  
 
Differentiating these paraneoplastic skin changes from other skin diseases can be challenging and often requires skin biopsies and blood tests to elucidate the underlying pathology<ref>Outerbridge CA ''et al' (2013) Cutaneous manifestations of internal diseases. ''Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract'' '''43(1)''':135-152</ref>.
 
Differentiating these paraneoplastic skin changes from other skin diseases can be challenging and often requires skin biopsies and blood tests to elucidate the underlying pathology<ref>Outerbridge CA ''et al' (2013) Cutaneous manifestations of internal diseases. ''Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract'' '''43(1)''':135-152</ref>.
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
<References/>
 
<References/>

Revision as of 20:16, 22 February 2013

Paraneoplastic syndromes are a group of noncancerous diseases associated with internal neoplasia[1].

Paraneoplastic syndrome commonly presents as dermatological manifestations but can also be evident as cardiac abnormalities (e.g. ventricular tachycardia[2] due to underlying neuroendocrine disease), neuromuscular changes (e.g. paraneoplastic myasthenia gravis[3]), ocular changes (e.g. uveitis[4]), hematological changes (e.g. leukocytosis, eosinophilia, hypoglycemia, hypoalbuminemia, regenerative anemia and hypercalcemia[5]) as well as general clinical signs of weight loss, polyuria, polydipsia, diarrhea and anorexia.

A number of diseases can result in paraneoplastic syndrome, including:

Differentiating these paraneoplastic skin changes from other skin diseases can be challenging and often requires skin biopsies and blood tests to elucidate the underlying pathology[15].

References

  1. Turek MM (2003) Cutaneous paraneoplastic syndromes in dogs and cats: a review of the literature. Vet Dermatol 14(6):279-296
  2. Tappin S et al (2008) An intestinal neuroendocrine tumour associated with paroxysmal ventricular tachycardia and melaena in a 10-year-old boxer. J Small Anim Pract 49(1):33-37
  3. Stepaniuk K et al (2011) Acquired myasthenia gravis associated with oral sarcoma in a dog. J Vet Dent 28(4):242-249
  4. Snead EC et al (2005) A case of bilateral renal lymphosarcoma with secondary polycythaemia and paraneoplastic syndromes of hypoglycaemia and uveitis in an English Springer Spaniel. Vet Comp Oncol 3(3):139-144
  5. Bergman PJ (2012) Paraneoplastic hypercalcemia. Top Companion Anim Med 27(4):156-158
  6. Oberkirchner U et al (2010) Successful treatment of canine necrolytic migratory erythema (superficial necrolytic dermatitis) due to metastatic glucagonoma with octreotide. Vet Dermatol 21(5):510-516
  7. Nishifuji K et al (2009) Development of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of circulating IgG autoantibodies against canine desmoglein 3 in dogs with pemphigus. Vet Dermatol 20(5-6):331-337
  8. Soare T et al (2012) Paraneoplastic syndrome in haemophagocytic histiocytic sarcoma in a dog. J Comp Pathol 146(2-3):168-174
  9. Petterino C et al (2011) Paraneoplastic leukocytosis in a dog with a renal carcinoma. Vet Clin Pathol 40(1):89-94
  10. Rossi G et al (2011) Paraneoplastic hypoglycemia in a diabetic dog with an insulin growth factor-2-producing mammary carcinoma. Vet Clin Pathol 39(4):480-484
  11. Batlivala TP et al (2010) Paraneoplastic T cell lymphocytosis associated with a thymoma in a dog. J Small Anim Pract 51(9):491-494
  12. Marchetti V et al (2005) Paraneoplastic hypereosinophilia in a dog with intestinal T-cell lymphoma. Vet Clin Pathol 34(3):259-263
  13. Pressler BM et al (2002) Hypercalcemia and high parathyroid hormone-related protein concentration associated with malignant melanoma in a dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc 221(2):263-265
  14. Cohen M & Post GS (1999) Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus in a dog with intestinal leiomyosarcoma. J Am Vet Med Assoc 215(12):1818-1820
  15. Outerbridge CA et al' (2013) Cutaneous manifestations of internal diseases. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 43(1):135-152