Difference between revisions of "Separation anxiety"

From Dog
Line 1: Line 1:
 
__NOTOC__
 
__NOTOC__
 
[[File:separation.jpg|right|300px]]
 
[[File:separation.jpg|right|300px]]
Separation anxiety is a common [[behavior]] disorder of dogs.
+
Separation anxiety is a common [[behavior]] disorder of dogs due to breaking of social attachments with their group, usually due to veterinary treatment<ref>Gácsi M ''et al'' (2013) Human analogue safe haven effect of the owner: behavioural and heart rate response to stressful social stimuli in dogs. ''PLoS One'' '''8(3)''':e58475</ref>.
 +
 
 +
Separation anxiety appears to be more common in dogs unaccustomed to long periods of owner absence<ref>Müller CA ''et al'' (2012) Brief owner absence does not induce negative judgement bias in pet dogs. ''Anim Cogn'' '''15(5)''':1031-1035</ref>, in young dogs and those dogs in a one-person household. The separation anxiety appears to be paralleled in humans, particularly those closely bonded to their canine companion<ref>Kwong MJ & Bartholomew K (2011) "Not just a dog": an attachment perspective on relationships with assistance dogs. ''Attach Hum Dev'' '''13(5)''':421-436</ref>.
  
 
Dogs are social animals which have a strong inherent desire to interact with their social group including humans to which they have bonded<ref>Wells DL (2004) A review of environmental enrichment for kenneled dog, Canis familiaris. ''Appl Anim Behav Sci'' '''85''':307–317</ref>.  
 
Dogs are social animals which have a strong inherent desire to interact with their social group including humans to which they have bonded<ref>Wells DL (2004) A review of environmental enrichment for kenneled dog, Canis familiaris. ''Appl Anim Behav Sci'' '''85''':307–317</ref>.  
Line 9: Line 11:
 
Clinically affected dogs present with destructiveness, vocalization, inappropriate elimination, attempt to escape, pacing, trembling, depression, and self-mutilation<ref>Flannigan G & Dodman NH (2001) Risk factors and behaviors associated with separation anxiety in dogs. ''J Am Vet Med Assoc'' '''219''':460–466</ref>.
 
Clinically affected dogs present with destructiveness, vocalization, inappropriate elimination, attempt to escape, pacing, trembling, depression, and self-mutilation<ref>Flannigan G & Dodman NH (2001) Risk factors and behaviors associated with separation anxiety in dogs. ''J Am Vet Med Assoc'' '''219''':460–466</ref>.
  
In most patients, environmental enrichment, use of dog-appeasing pheromone and medical intervention with [[fluoxetine]] or [[acepromazine]] may suffice, but re-establishing contact with family members, particularly in dogs hospitalized in veterinary clinics is essential to minimize this condition.
+
In most patients, environmental enrichment, use of dog-appeasing pheromone and medical intervention with [[fluoxetine]] or [[acepromazine]] may suffice, but re-establishing contact with family members, particularly in dogs hospitalized in veterinary clinics is essential to minimize this condition<ref>Kim YM ''et al'' (2010) Efficacy of dog-appeasing pheromone (DAP) for ameliorating separation-related behavioral signs in hospitalized dogs. ''Can Vet J'' '''51(4)''':380-384</ref>.
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
<References/>
 
<References/>

Revision as of 03:42, 13 March 2013

Separation.jpg

Separation anxiety is a common behavior disorder of dogs due to breaking of social attachments with their group, usually due to veterinary treatment[1].

Separation anxiety appears to be more common in dogs unaccustomed to long periods of owner absence[2], in young dogs and those dogs in a one-person household. The separation anxiety appears to be paralleled in humans, particularly those closely bonded to their canine companion[3].

Dogs are social animals which have a strong inherent desire to interact with their social group including humans to which they have bonded[4].

As a consequence, separation-related behavioral signs are common when dogs are separated from or denied access to their bonded family, induced by emotions such as anxiety, fear, distress, frustration, and panic[5].

Clinically affected dogs present with destructiveness, vocalization, inappropriate elimination, attempt to escape, pacing, trembling, depression, and self-mutilation[6].

In most patients, environmental enrichment, use of dog-appeasing pheromone and medical intervention with fluoxetine or acepromazine may suffice, but re-establishing contact with family members, particularly in dogs hospitalized in veterinary clinics is essential to minimize this condition[7].

References

  1. Gácsi M et al (2013) Human analogue safe haven effect of the owner: behavioural and heart rate response to stressful social stimuli in dogs. PLoS One 8(3):e58475
  2. Müller CA et al (2012) Brief owner absence does not induce negative judgement bias in pet dogs. Anim Cogn 15(5):1031-1035
  3. Kwong MJ & Bartholomew K (2011) "Not just a dog": an attachment perspective on relationships with assistance dogs. Attach Hum Dev 13(5):421-436
  4. Wells DL (2004) A review of environmental enrichment for kenneled dog, Canis familiaris. Appl Anim Behav Sci 85:307–317
  5. Lindsay SR (2001) Handbook of Applied Dog Behavior and Training. 1st ed. Vol. 2. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State Univ Press. pp:93–107
  6. Flannigan G & Dodman NH (2001) Risk factors and behaviors associated with separation anxiety in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 219:460–466
  7. Kim YM et al (2010) Efficacy of dog-appeasing pheromone (DAP) for ameliorating separation-related behavioral signs in hospitalized dogs. Can Vet J 51(4):380-384