Spilopsyllus spp

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Adult Spilopsyllus[1]

Spilopsyllus spp are a common hematophagous parasitic rhopalopsyllid flea which is commonly found on rodents but has been reported on hunting dogs[2].

These fleas, primarily a parasite of small carnivores, infect dogs as an accidental host[3].

Species which are pathogenic to dogs include:

  • Spilopsyllus cunuliculi[4]

Clinical signs include pruritus and localized dermatitis associated with flea activity.

Transmission of Bartonella spp has been reported[4].

Treatment is usually effective with a range of insecticidal drugs such as fipronil and permethrins.


  1. Dedetizacao
  2. Durden LA et al (2004) Ectoparasites and other epifaunistic arthropods of sympatric cotton mice and golden mice: comparisons and implications for vector-borne zoonotic diseases. J Parasitol 90(6):1293-1297
  3. Millán J et al (2007) Ectoparasites of the endangered Iberian lynx Lynx pardinus and sympatric wild and domestic carnivores in Spain. Med Vet Entomol 21(3):248-254
  4. 4.0 4.1 Márquez FJ et al (2009) Detection and identification of Bartonella sp. in fleas from carnivorous mammals in Andalusia, Spain. Med Vet Entomol 23(4):393-398