Thrombopathia

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Thrombopathia is a rare autosomal-recessive genetic form of hemophilia.

This disease is caused by a missense mutation that produces platelets with abnormal fibrinogen receptor exposure and impaired dense granule release, and results in bleeding tendencies primarily of mucosal surfaces.

It is similar in clinical presentation to Glanzmann's thrombasthenia[1].

Thrombopathia has been reported in the Basset Hound[2], Spitz and American Cocker Spaniel[3].

Clinical signs are usually absent although buccal bleeding and hematochezia may be evident.

Diagnosis is usually with coagulation screening assays and specialized platelet function testing.

In severely affected patients, intravenous therapy with cryoprecipitates or fresh frozen plasma may be required.

References

  1. Catalfamo JL & Dodds WJ (1988) Hereditary canine thrombopathia. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 18(1):273-274
  2. Johnstone IB & Lotz F (1979) An inherited platelet function defect in basset hounds. Can Vet J 20:211–215
  3. Brooks M & Catalfamo J (1993) Buccal mucosa bleeding time is prolonged in canine models of primary hemostatic disorders. Thromb Haemost 70(5):777-780