Zoonoses

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Defined as diseases which are transmitted from dogs to humans, zoonoses are relatively common and important diseases in veterinary medicine.

A list of some agents involved in canine zoonoses include:

Species Location in dog Classification Disease in humans
Acinetobacter baumannii skin bacteria nosocomial bactermia
Anaerobiospirillum spp gastrointestinal tract bacteria Diarrhea
Anaplasma spp blood bacteria tick-borne fever
Arcobacter spp gastrointestinal tract bacteria diarrhea
Blastomyces spp skin, lungs fungus systemic illness
Borrelia spp blood bacteria Lyme disease
Brucella spp blood bacteria Brucellosis
Brugia malayi lymphatics filarial nematode elephantiasis
Campylobacter spp gastrointestinal tract bacteria diarrhea
Chlamydophila spp skin bacteria chlamydiosis, atherosclerosis
Clonorchis sinensis bile duct fluke Clonorchiasis
Coxiella burnetti gastrointestinal tract bacteria Q fever
Ehrlichia spp blood bacteria Ehlrichiosis
Entamoeba dispar gastrointestinal tract coccidiosis
Escherichia spp gastrointestinal tract bacteria diarrhea
Fusarium spp skin fungus dermatopathy
Fusobacterium canifelinum gastrointestinal tract bacteria dog-bite wounds
Giardia duodenalis gastrointestinal tract protozoa Giardiasis
Haemophilus influenzae respiratory, gastrointestinal & genitourinary tracts bacteria dog-bite wounds
Helicobacter spp gastrointestinal tract bacteria gastritis
Leishmania spp skin protozoan Leishmaniasis
Leptospira spp gastrointestinal & genitourinary tracts bacteria Leptospirosis
Linguatula spp upper gastrointestinal tract parasite Marrara syndrome
Microsporum spp skin fungus ringworm
Mycobacterium spp respiratory tract bacteria human tuberculosis
Onchocerca lupi skin nematode onchocerciasis
Paragonimus spp lungs fluke paragonimiasis
Pasteurella spp respiratory tract bacteria dog-bite cellulitis
Prevotella spp oropharynx bacteria dog-bite wounds
Salmonella spp GI Tract proteobacteria diarrhea
Shigella spp GI tract proteobacteria shigellosis
Staphylococcus spp skin, gastrointestinal & genitourinary tracts bacteria diarrhea, skin infections, dog-bite wounds
Systemic lupus erythematosus autoimmune disease N/A dog-associated SLE[1]
Trichophyton spp skin fungus ringworm
Trichuris spp large intestine roundworm Whipworm infection
Toxoplasma spp GI tract protozoa diarrhea, seizures
Toxocara canis GI tract nematode visceral larva migrans




  1. Chiou SH et al (2004) Pet dogs owned by lupus patients are at a higher risk of developing lupus. Lupus 13(6):442-449