Although Appaloosas are most commonly recognized by their colorful coat patterns, they also have other distinctive characteristics. The four identifiable characteristics are: coat pattern, mottled skin, white sclera, and striped hooves.
- Ocular Squamous cell carcinoma
- Congenital stationary night blindness (CSNB)
- Congenital cataract
- recurrent uveitis
- Optic disc colobomas